Recent Publications


Sutter E, Casey P, Gillick B. (2024) Single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation for assessment of motor development in infants with early brain injury, Expert Review of Medical Devices, DOI:  10.1080/17434440.2023.2299310

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Christopher P, Sutter EN, Gavioli M, Lench D, Nytes G, Mak V, Simpson E, Ikonomidou C, Villegas M, Saiote C, Gillick BT. (2023). Safety, tolerability and feasibility of remotely-instructed home-based transcranial direct current stimulation in children with cerebral palsy. Brain Stimulation, Volume 16, Issue 5, 2023, Pages 1325-1327, ISSN 1935-861X

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De La Torre R, Sutter EN, Nemanich ST, Krach LE, Meekins G, Feyma T, Gillick BT. (2023). Anodal Contralesional tDCS Enhances CST Excitability Bilaterally in an Adolescent with Hemiparetic Cerebral Palsy: A Brief Report, Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 26:3, 216-221

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Samuel T. Nemanich, Daniel H. Lench, Ellen N. Sutter, Jesse L. Kowalski, Sunday M. Francis, Gregg D. Meekins, Linda E. Krach, Tim Feyma, Bernadette T. Gillick. Safety and feasibility of transcranial direct current stimulation stratified by corticospinal organization in children with hemiparesis. Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 2023 Mar; 43:27-35. doi: 10.1016/j.ejpn.2023.01.013. Epub 2023 Feb 28. PMID: 36878110.

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Nemanich ST, Gillick BT, Sukal-Moulton T, & Ahamed SI. (2022). Can Technology Improve Participation From Underserved Children and Families in Rehabilitation Research?. WMJ : official publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin121(3), 174–176.

Schiariti V, Gillick BT, Seal A, Springer C, Thomson H, Campos A, Wamithi S, Wei G, Spittle A. (2022). Global COVID-19 Childhood Disability Data Coordination: a collaborative initiative of the International Alliance of Academies of Childhood Disability. (WPOP-2021-0075) Journal of Pediatric Medicine (in press).

Simpson EA, Saiote C, Sutter, E, Lench, DH, Ikonomidou C, Villegas MA, Gillick BT. (2022). Remotely monitored transcranial direct current stimulation in pediatric cerebral palsy: open label trial protocol. BMC Pediatr 22(566).

Saiote C, Sutter E, Xenopoulos-Oddsson A, Rao R, Georgieff M, Rudser  K, Dean D, McAdams RM, Gillick BT. (2022). ‘Study Protocol: Multimodal Longitudinal Assessment of Infant Brain Organization and Recovery in Perinatal Brain Injury, Pediatr Phys Ther. 34(2):268-276. doi: 10.1097/PEP.0000000000000886. PMID: 35385465; PMCID: PMC9200232.
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Sutter EN, Francis LS, Francis SM, Lench DH, Nemanich ST, Krach LE, Sukal-Moulton T, Gillick BT. (2021). Disrupted access to therapies and impact on well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic for children with motor impairment and their caregiversAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 100(9):821-830. PMID: 34091465.

O’Leary GH, Jenkins DD, Coker-Bolt P, George MS, Kautz S, Bikson M, Gillick BT, Badran BW. (2021) From adults to pediatrics: A review noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS) to facilitate recovery from brain injury. Progress in Brain Research, 264 :287-322 PMID: 34167660.

Mantell KE, Sutter EN, Shirinpour S, Nemanich ST, Lench DH, Gillick BT, Opitz A. (2021). Evaluating Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) induced electric fields in pediatric stroke. Neuroimage: Clinical, 29;102563.  PMID: 33516935.

Keller-Ross ML, Chantigian DP, Nemanich S, Gillick BT. (2021). Cardiovascular Effects of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation and Bimanual Training in Children With Cerebral Palsy. Pediatric Physical Therapy, 33(1):11-16.PMID: 32413554.


Lench DH, Simpson E, Sutter EN, Gillick BT. (2020). Feasibility of remote transcranial direct current stimulation for pediatric cerebral palsy during the COVID-19 pandemic.’ Brain Stimulation, 13(6):1803-1804. Epub 2020 Oct 23. PMID: 33132132.
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Nawshin T, Behan M, Nemanich S, Kowalski J, Sutter E, Dubinsky J, Freese R, Rudser K, Gillick B. (2020). A Crossed-Disciplinary Evaluation of Parental Perceptions Surrounding Pediatric Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation Research. International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Marketing, 14(4), 623-640.

Bikson M, Hanlon CA, Woods AJ, Gillick BT, Charvet L, Lamm C, Madeo G, Holczer A, Almeida J, Antal A, Ay MR, Baeken C, Blumberger DM, Campanella S, Camprodon JA, Christiansen L, Loo C, Crinion JT, Fitzgerald P, Gallimberti L, Ghobadi-Azbari P, Ghodratitoostani I, Grabner RH, Hartwigsen G, Hirata A, Kirton A, Knotkova H, Krupitsky E, Marangolo P, Nakamura-Palacios EM, Potok W, Praharaj SK, Ruff CC, Schlaug G, Siebner HR, Stagg CJ, Thielscher A, Wenderoth N, Yuan TF, Zhang X, Ekhtiari H. (2020). Guidelines for TMS/tES clinical services and research through the COVID-19 pandemic. Brain Stimulation, 13(4):1124‐1149. PMID: 32413554.

Francis SM, Beard KL, Tseng A, Chen M, Gillick BT, Jacob S, Conelea CA. (2020). Transcranial direct current stimulation for compulsivity in adolescent fraternal twins with neurodevelopmental disorders. Brain Stimulation, 13(4):1153‐1155. PMID:  32413553.

Legon W, Adams S, Bansal P, Patel PD, Hobbs L, Ai L, Mueller JK, Meekins G, Gillick BT. (2020). A retrospective qualitative report of symptoms and safety from transcranial focused ultrasound for neuromodulation in humans. Scientific Reports, 10(1):5573. PMID: 32221350.

Kowalski JL, Hickey M, Rao R, Georgieff MK, Chen M, Gillick BT. (2020). Safety of Single-Pulse TMS in Two Infants with Patent Ductus Arteriosus Implanted Devices. Brain Stimulation, 13(3): 861-862. PMID: 32289718.

Rich TL, Nemanich S (Co-First Authors), Chen CY, Sutter EN, Feyma T, Krach LE, Gillick BT. (2020). Ipsilateral corticospinal tract excitability contributes to the severity of mirror movements in unilateral cerebral palsy: A case series. Clinical EEG and Neuroscience,  51(3):185-190. PMID: 31912767.


Gröhn H, Gillick BT, (co-first authors), Tkáč I, Bednařík P, Mascali D, Deelchand DK, Michaeli S, Meekins GD, Leffler-McCabe MJ, MacKinnon CD, Eberly LE, Mangia S. (2019). Influence of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on Human Neurochemistry and Functional Connectivity: a Pilot MRI/MRS Study at 7 T Journal. Frontiers in Neuroscience: Brain Imaging Methods, 13:1260. PMID: 31827419.

Kowalski J, Nemanich S, Nawshin T, Chen M, Peyton C, Zorn E, Hickey M, Rao R, Georgieff M, Rudser K, Gillick BT. (2019). Motor Evoked Potentials as Potential Biomarkers of Early Atypical Corticospinal Tract Development in Infants with Perinatal Stroke. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 8(8), 1208.
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Nemanich ST, Mueller B, Gillick BT. (2019). Neurite orientation dispersion and density imaging (NODDI) quantifies corticospinal tract microstructural organization in children with unilateral cerebral palsy. Human Brain Mapping, 40(17), 4888–4900.

Nemanich ST, Chen CY, Chen M, Zorn E, Mueller B, Peyton C, Elison JT, Stinear J, Rao R, Georgieff M, Menk J, Rudser K, Gillick BT. (2019). Safety and Feasibility of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation as an Exploratory Assessment of Corticospinal Connectivity in Infants After Perinatal Brain Injury: an Observational Study. Physical Therapy, 99(6), 689–700.
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Nemanich ST, Rich TL, Chen CY, Menk J, Rudser K, Chen M, Meekins G, Gillick BT. (2019). Influence of Combined Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation and Motor Training on Corticospinal Excitability in Children With Unilateral Cerebral Palsy. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 13, 137.

Nemanich ST, Gordon A, Friel K, Gillick BT. (2019). Bimanual skill learning after transcranial direct current stimulation in children with unilateral cerebral palsy: a brief report. Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 22(7), 504–508.

Rich TL, Gillick BT.(2019). Electrode Placement in Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation- How reliable is the determination of C3/C4? Brain Sciences, 9(3), 69.

Keller-Ross, ML, Chantigian DP, Chen M, Rich TL, Chen CY, Gillick BT. (2019).  Stability of the Cardiovascular Response during Single-Pulse TMS in Pediatric Stroke. Brain Stimulation, 12(2), 371–373.

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